--Two Additional Past Events --


HUNGARIAN HERITAGE MUSEUM

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Sponsored by the :

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The Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Museum had two off-site exhibitions in 1998 and 1999. The first was at the Lake County Historical Society, and the second  was at the Grasselli Library of John Carroll University.


The Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Museum

& Co-Sponsor

The Lake Country Historical Society

An exhibition entitled:

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June 19, 1998 - June, 1999

The exhibition included samples of Hungarian folk- and fine-art pieces such as embroidery, pottery, costumes, musical instruments, herdsman's art, designed to acquaint the viewer with the variety and scope of Hungarian art& artifacts. The history of immigration and works of local Hungarian artists were also featured.

The exhibition was held at the:

LAKE COUNTY HISTORY CENTER

8610 King Memorial Road.

Mentor, Ohio 44060

(440) 255-8979

The Hungarian Exhibit has now ended, but the Lake County History Center is
open Tuesday thru Friday 10 A.M. - 5 P.M.
and Saturday & Sunday 1 P.M. - 5 P.M.

Closed weekends during colder months of year -

please call ahead to be sure of times open!

The Cleveland Hungarian Heritage Society thanks the Lake County Historical Society for providing the space for the exhibition

Our second "off site" exhibition was at the entrance lobby of the Grasselli Library at John Carroll University, and  was entitled "Moments in Hungarian History." It included books, maps, paintings,  prints, reproductions, documents, photographs, realia, and narrative texts.  It was partly prepared in conjunction with the 24th Annual International Conference of the AHEA - American Hungarian Educators'Association - held on the campus of John Carroll University April 8-11, 1999.

photo of Grasselli Library, JCU  Entrance  to Grasselli Library, JCU


Please find below some additional information for you about HUNGARIAN HISTORY:

"Moments in Hungarian History"

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Important dates of Hungarian History

5th century

The Hungarian tribes left the area of the Urals. They passed along the Volga and the Caspian Sea. After several hundred years of wandering, they reached the Carpathian Basin.

896

Under the leadership of Árpád, the Hungarian tribes settled in the Carpathian Basin. They drove out part of the residents and absorbed the other part.

997-1038

King Stephen of the Árpád dynasty ruled the country.

1000

Stephen was converted to Christianity. After his death, he was canonised.

1055

An abbey was set up at Tihany. The foundation charter was drawn up on the northern shore of Lake Balaton. This is the earliest written record extent in the Hungarian language.

1241

The Mongolian Tatars devastated the country. Their presence, which lasted a year, halted development for at least a century. After the warfare with the Hungarians, the Tatars did not continue towards the west.

1458-1490

The rule of King Matthias. Cultural life of a European standard flourished in his palaces at Buda and Visegrád. For a few decades, Hungary lived on a West European standard.

1526

At Mohács, the present southern frontier of the country, the Turks defeated the Hungarian army. 150 years of Turkish occupation started.

1541

The Turks occupied Buda. Hungary was split into three parts. The Habsburg governed the western part of the country, the central area was ruled by the Turks, and the south-east Transylvanian principality (today part of Rumania) for a long time was the citadel of Hungarian culture.

1686

Buda was recaptured from the Turks. (The Turks - similarly to the Tartars - could only advance in Europe to the territory of Hungary. Here they were faced by obstacles, after which no strength was left for the siege of Vienna.)

1703-1711

A freedom war under the leadership of Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania, against the Habsburgs. The rebels defeated the Imperial army in several battles, but did not receive the promised French support and failed.

First half of the 19th century

A national reform movement was launched for the political and economic transformation of the country, for Hungarian language and culture. This was when the National Anthem was born, and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was set up. The building of the Chain Bridge started. The initiator of these was Count István Széchenyi, an eminent figure of the Reform Age.

1848-1849

A revolution broke out in Pest, which extended over the entire country. The Habsburg Emperor was dethroned after the Hungarian army won several significant battles. Lajos [Louis] Kossuth was elected Governor. The longest European national revolution could only be oppressed in the summer of 1849 by the Habsburgs with the help of the Russian army.

1867

The Hungarians concluded a compromise with the Habsburgs. A double-centered monarchy was set up with seats in Vienna and Pest-Buda. A spectacular industrial upswing started.

1873

Pest, Buda and Obuda were unified: Budapest became a European metropolis. The buildings of that time - the Opera House, the National Gallery and Parliament - still determine the skyline of the city. The first subsurface underground railway on continental Europe was put into operation.

1918

Germany and its allies, including the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, lost the world war. The monarchy disintegrated.

1920

The Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary's area by two thirds and the population by one third. Since then, considerable Hungarian minorities lived in the neighbouring countries.

1938-1940

Germany concluded treaties in Munich and Vienna, according to which Southern Slovakia and Northern Transylvania were returned to Hungary.

1944

The Nazis occupied Hungary, as they did not consider it a reliable ally. During the Second World War, the Hungarians suffered grave losses on the Soviet front. At the end of the war, Fascists took over the governing of the country.

1945

The Soviet Army entered, then occupied Hungary. At the hastily held elections, the Communists gained only 17 percent of the votes.

1947

The last, relatively free election was followed by the years of Communist control: show trials, executions, forced settlement of hundreds of thousands, imprisonment, harassment, forced industrial development, a drop in living standards, and Stalinist dictatorship.

1956

A revolution against Stalinism. The uprising was defeated by Soviet troops. János Kádár, who acquired power with their assistance, promised democratic socialism; in the meantime, retaliation and executions started.

1965

The new system became consolidated, and cautious economic reforms were launched. Living standards were rising and the iron curtain became penetrable.

1988

The Hungarian transition period began.

1990

The Communist party voluntarily gave up its autocracy. A multi-party parliamentary democracy came into being in the country. The Soviet army left Hungary.

1999

Hungary became full member of NATO.

Want to learn more about Hungarian History?  Check out the websites below:

Here is a website that gives a short HISTORY of HUNGARY in "narrative" form:
[This page has additional links for Hungarian History.]

Want just an "outline" for HUNGARIAN HISTORY?

. . . and yet another HUNGARIAN HISTORY Page:

How about a 'VIRTUAL LIBRARY" for Hungary History?

Do you like MEDIEVAL Hungarian history? Here is a "chat style" web page for you:

How about learning more about the 1848-49 REVOLUTIONS?

Here is the statue of the famous Hungarian patriot LOUIS KOSSUTH, located at the traffic circle in University Circle, at the intersection of Euclid Avenue and Stearns Rd., in CLEVELAND, OH.  It was created in 1901 by sculptor Andreas Toth, and was placed and dedicated as a gift of the Magyar American Citizens of Cleveland:

Kossuth statue in Cleveland

Here is the web site to learn more about the CLEVELAND KOSSUTH STATUE:

. . . and more about LOUIS KOSSUTH in AMERICA:

Learn more about the MARTYRS OF ARAD (1848-49 Revolution):

Here is a website about the 1956 REVOLUTION:

. . . and another on the 1956 REVOLUTION:

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Page last updated  August 2, 2007
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