Professors: C. H. Wideman, M. M. Coburn, J. R. Johansen, V. R. Flechtner
(Chair); Associate Professors: J. L. Lissemore, G. M. Kinebrew, C. D.
Anthony; Assistant Professors: M. P. Martin, C. A. Sheil, R. Drenovsky
Students must achieve a minimum 2.5 GPA in BL 155 160 to be considered
for formal acceptance as biology majors. Also required for the biology
major are specific courses in chemistry and mathematics. Students should
be aware that many post baccalaureate degree programs require calculus
and/or physics for admission. Students should discuss options with their
advisors before making course decisions.
Major and Minor
Major in Biology: 34 credit hours of biology, including
at least one 400- level course (excluding BL 478). Courses are to
be chosen with advisory approval and always include applicable laboratory
corequisites. CH 431 will be accepted toward the 34 credit-hour
requirement. Required are:
BL 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160;
Molecule to Cell: At least one chosen from BL 213, 301,
310, 465, 470.
Cell to Organism: At least one chosen from BL 230 and 231,
250, 254, 308, 360, 410, 450, 459, 471, 475.
Organism to Biosphere: At least one chosen from BL 222, 370,
425, 440, 442, 444, 445, 447.
Required Support Courses: CH 141-144 (or 151H, 153); CH
221-224; MT 135, and MT 228.
Minor in Biology: 21 credit hours of biology, including
BL 155-160 and three 200-400 level courses (including at least one
Strongly Recommended: CH 141-144, 221-224, which can be
prerequisites for advanced biology courses.
Comprehensive Examination: All majors are required to pass
the Major Field Achievement Test in Biology their last semester
at John Carroll University.
BL 155 160 is the normal first-and-second year sequence for biology majors.
If, for some reason acceptable to the department, BL 157, 158, and 160
are taken separately from BL 155, 156, and 159, the student is expected
to take BL 155, 156, and 159 or their equivalents before taking the laboratory
courses. Entering freshmen will receive advanced placement and/or advanced
standing in accord with scores listed on pages 17-18.
Pre Medical and Pre Dental Students
Students majoring in biology and planning to apply to medical school,
dental school, or other health-care professional schools are strongly
advised to take biochemistry, biostatistics, calculus, and physics in
order to prepare best for these highly competitive programs. Medical schools
require a year of physics for admission.
Pre health professional students are strongly urged to contact the chair
of the Health Professions Advisory Committee at John Carroll for other
information and for assistance in planning educational programs and application
to professional schools. Students are also advised to consult current
publications relevant to the proposed area of study and preferred colleges,
including Medical School Admission Requirements of U.S. and Canada, Admission
Requirements of U.S. and Canadian Dental Schools, similar publications
for osteopathy, chiropracty, podiatry, and optometry, as well as other
profession specific publications.
Students planning on obtaining licensure to teach Adolescent/Young Adult
(AYA) Life Science at the secondary school level should consider taking
ED 100 as soon as possible and should contact the Department of Education
and Allied Studies by the end of their freshman year for guidance on requirements.
Doctor of Nursing Program
Biology majors interested in nursing as a career may choose to enter a
seven year 3/4 cooperative program in pre nursing/nursing and earn the
bachelor of science degree from John Carroll University and the doctor
of nursing degree from the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case
Western Reserve University. Students in this program normally attend John
Carroll for three academic years and complete all university Core and
major requirements including cognates, except two upper level electives
in biology (NUND 342 and NUND 412). After successful completion of one
year at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, the student will be
awarded the bachelor of science degree with a biology major by John Carroll
University. To be eligible for this program students must complete at
least 60 semester hours of credit at John Carroll, apply in writing to
the dean of the College of Arts and Sciences by the end of the first semester
of the junior year, and be accepted by the Frances Payne Bolton School
of Nursing in the usual manner. Students planning to follow this course
of study should contact the department chair during the first semester
of their sophomore year. A list of suggested courses is available from
Pre Veterinary Students
Biology majors who plan to apply to veterinary colleges should visit the
Medical Association for up-to-date information on course and experience
requirements at veterinary schools accredited by the American Veterinary
Medical Association Council on Education. A list of JCU courses required
for admission to The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine
is available in the Biology Department. A minimum of 80 hours’ work
with a veterinarian is required by OSU and most schools of veterinary
medicine. Pre-vet students should contact the Biology Department chair
during their freshman year for assistance in planning and for information
on specific requirements and application procedures.
Minor and Interdisciplinary Concentrations
An optional minor in biology is available to students majoring in any
Biology majors may elect the interdisciplinary concentrations in neuroscience,
environmental studies, or biochemistry/molecular biology. It
is strongly recom-mended that students interested in these programs investigate
them as early as possible in their academic careers. Interested students
should refer to the section on “Interdisciplinary Concentrations”
in this Bulletin (pages 81-88) for more information.
To receive a bachelor of science degree in biology, transfer students
must complete a minimum of 17 credit hours in the department.
Many courses offered by the Department of Biology include a laboratory
and/or field work component; these are listed as separate entries, immediately
following the listing for the corresponding lecture component of the course.
Dentistry, optometry, osteopathy, the doctorate of nursing program, and
some veterinary medicine programs permit students to enroll prior to completion
of the undergraduate degree program. However, some dental schools and
the doctorate of nursing program require the student to complete the undergraduate
degree before completion of the professional school program. Even those
professional schools that do not formally require an undergraduate degree
tend to give preference to degreed candidates. In response to this trend
John Carroll University has established a Senior Year In Absentia Program.
The program requires the student to complete the major (less two courses),
and all cognate and Core courses. The total number of hours taken at John
Carroll will vary from 92 to 108 depending on the undergraduate major
and the professional school requirements. Upon successful completion of
the required number of hours, usually at the end of the first year of
the professional school curriculum, John Carroll University will accept
specified courses for transfer credit upon the presentation of documentation
of successful completion. The student is then awarded a John Carroll University
bachelor’s degree. This program is available to any student with
the written consent of the John Carroll University dean of the College
of Arts and Sciences; formal admission to the professional school is required.
Graduate Studies in Biology
The department offers a program of studies leading to the degree of master
of science or master of arts. Degree requirements are specified and courses
described in the Graduate School Bulletin.
Biology majors planning to continue studies leading to master’s
or doctoral studies are strongly urged to consult current publications
relevant to the proposed area of biological study, including Peterson’s
Guide to Graduate Study, Graduate Programs and Admissions
Manual of the Graduate Record Examination Board, and catalogs of
schools to which admission will be sought. Students should also consult
their academic advisor in biology for definitive undergraduate program
recommendations and can seek assistance from the department chair and
the departmental coordinator of graduate studies.