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Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures (CMLC)

Professors:  K. M. Gatto, H. N. Sanko, T. R. Nevin, F. K. Aggor; Associate Professors:  G. J. Sabo, S.J., D. G. Anderson, A. Pérez-Romero, M. N. Richards, E. Luengo, S. Casciani, M. Pereszlenyi-Pinter (Chair), G. Compton-Engle, K. J. Karolle-Berg; Visiting Assistant Professors:  R. Boisset-Brindle, L. Ferri; Visiting Instructors:  K. Nakano, C. Silvy

Studying other cultures and their languages is fundamental to a true liberal arts education.  It enables students to appreciate the complexity of the world and provides them with the necessary tools to meet the challenges of an increasingly multicultural society.  Skills developed in the study of language transfer readily to:

  • Personal growth in the development of cultural literacy, through exposure to important works of international literature and cinema, along with respect for cultural diversity and a deeper understanding of one’s own culture in a global setting.
  • Academic skills of critical analysis, effective communication, organization of ideas and cogent arguments, the conduct and presentation of independent research, and engagement with international politics and events.
  • Success for students in other disciplines seeking admission to graduate programs that require a reading knowledge of a foreign language.
  • Careers such as teaching, translation, the tourism and hospitality industries, international business, foreign service, U.N. organizations, law, publishing and journalism, business and finance, educational administration, health and social services, advertising, sales, and consulting.

The Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures Department offers majors and minors in Classical Languages (Latin, Ancient Greek), Classical Studies, French, German, and Spanish.

Courses are also available in Arabic, Chinese, Italian, Japanese, Russian, Slovak, and International Cultures.  These programs are individually listed in the Bulletin.

Interdisciplinary minors and concentrations include East Asian Studies (p. 84), International Business (p. 88), International Economics and Modern Language (p. 88), Italian Studies (p. 89), Latin American and Latino Studies (p. 89), and Modern European Studies (p. 85). 

Core Courses and the Language Requirement
The Division I Core requirement in languages (6 credits) is met with two sequential courses in the same language.  Students may begin a new language or continue a language at their entry level of competence, as determined by placement examination. 

Division II Core requirements and special designations (R/S/D/W/L) may be met with approved literature or culture courses taught in the department, offered either in the original language or in English (CL for classical studies and IC for modern languages).

Major and Minor Requirements*

(For the corrected version of these requirements, please go to the following link.)


Major in Classics:  33 credit hours. 
Classical Languages track:  Nine courses in GK and/or LT at any level, including LT/GK 301, 490, 491, and one other 300-level language course; CL 301 or 302; and another CL course.  A comprehensive exam is required. 

Classical Studies track:  Six 3-credit courses in GK and/or LT at any level, plus CL 220; two of the following:  CL 301, CL 302, AH 317, or another approved CL,  HS, or AH course; two of the following:  PL 210, RL 205, or another approved PL or RL course.  At least nine credits must be at the 300 level or above.


Major in French:  36 credit hours, including FR 315, 325, and 326.

French track:  May include one course (3 credit hours) with French or Francophone content from International Cultures (IC) or approved cognate areas.  A comprehensive examination is required.

French Studies track:  May include up to 4 courses (12 credit hours) with French or Francophone content from International Cultures (IC) or approved cognate areas.  A comprehensive examination is required.

Major in German:  34-36 credit hours, as follows:  GR 101-102, 201-202, 301-302, and at least two additional GR courses at the 300 level or higher.  An experiential learning component:  GR 275, 396 or 496.  Two courses at the 200-level or above in a cognate area (history, political science, philosophy).  One IC or ML course.  Details on page 224.

Major in Spanish:  36 credit hours, as follows:  SP 201-202 and/or 301-302; 311 or 314; 315; 321; 325-326 or 327-328.  Five additional upper-division courses, two of which must be 400-level literature courses; one of the remaining three may be an IC or ML 308.  A comprehensive exam is required.  Details on page 315.
*ML 308 (Teaching Languages) is recommended for majors seeking licensure in secondary education.

Minors in French, German, or Spanish:  21 hours, beginning at any level.

Minor in Greek or Latin:  18 hours in GK or LT at any level; two CL courses may be substituted.

Minor in Classical Studies:  18 hours; two GK or LT courses may be substituted.

Study Abroad                                                                                          
The department participates in the following semester or year-long programs abroad:

  • Chinese:  Beijing (Jesuit Center)
  • German:  Universität Dortmund, Germany (exchange program)
  • Italian:  Vatican City (John Carroll program; fall semester)
  • Japanese:  Sophia University (Tokyo), Nanzan University (Nagoya), Kansai Gaidai University (Osaka)
  • Latin:  Loyola University, Rome
  • Spanish:  Costa Rica, Madrid (John Carroll programs; fall semester); Monterrey (Mexico)

The following short programs are also sponsored by the department:

  • French:  France (spring break)
  • Italian:  Italy (spring break and summer institute)
  • Japanese:  Japan (3-week summer study-tour; every other year)

With advisors’ permission, arrangements are made individually with the department chair and the Center for Global Education.  Students studying abroad will normally be juniors with at least a 2.5 GPA.  Early consultation is advised.
Students who study abroad in their major must fulfill a residence requirement of no fewer than 6 semester hours of credit, usually at the 400 level, upon return from abroad.  The department may require more than 6 semester hours of credit in the case of obvious deficiencies. 

Teaching Licensure
Students seeking licensure for teaching are reminded that the equivalent of 30-48 semester hours of credit is required for a Multi-Age teaching licensure in Latin or a modern language.  They are strongly advised to take ML 308 (Teaching Languages), described on page 270.

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