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English (EN)

Professors:  D. M. La Guardia, J. M. Colleran, J. S. McBratney, J. T. Day (Academic Vice President); Associate Professors:  B. K. Macaskill, C. Roark, M. Moroney, G. B. Bilgere, D. J. Rosenthal, P. J. Metres III, P. Kvidera (Associate Dean); Assistant Professors:  T. L. Hayes, F. X. Ryan, S.J. (Chair), T. Pace; Visiting Assistant Professors: M. J. Croley, P. C. McBrine, J. C. Stayer, S.J.; Writing Center Director:  A. Morse

The study of English as a major implies the sharing of enriched experience of imaginative language; reading and writing about literary texts require both art and skill.  English majors receive practical training sharpening their reasoning and writing powers, while studying works of literature they can enjoy throughout their lives.  Graduates with English majors and minors can be found in law, business, government, education, research scholarship, medicine, and the writing professions.  Students majoring in English may choose a track that is writing-intensive or that emphasizes literary study.

Freshman English composition is required for all bachelor’s degrees.  Placement in composition courses is determined by SAT or ACT scores, by high school GPA, and by evaluation of the student’s demonstrated skills.  Students with an AP English score of four or higher may test out of freshman English.  Students achieving good scores in the SAT or ACT may be assigned to EN 114-116.  Students earning an A in EN 114 may be exempted from EN 116 by permission of the director of composition and the department chair.  Students showing a deficiency in English are assigned to EN 103-112.  All others are assigned to EN 111-112.  Extensive tutorial services in English composition are available to all students through the Writing Center.

All students are strongly encouraged to continue after the freshman year with 200 and 300-level English courses to consolidate their writing skills and develop their literary interests.  Completion of freshman composition courses is a prerequisite to taking any 200 or 300-level course.  Exceptions are possible, however, with the approval of the department chair.

To complete the Division II requirement of one literature course for all bachelor’s degrees, students may choose, in consultation with their advisor and without prerequisite, courses at the 200 level.  One 200-level literature course is the prerequisite to some 300 and 400-level courses.  Refer to individual course listings for indicated prerequisite or special permissions.

Major and Minor Requirements

Major in English:  39 credit hours (exclusive of any course ordinarily designed for freshman composition).  Students may elect to complete one of two tracks:  Literature or Writing-Intensive.

Literature track
1.  Two 200-level literature courses:  6 credit hours
     Majors are strongly encouraged to take one of the following courses:
     EN 214  Major British Writers
     EN 222  Introduction to Shakespeare
     EN 277  Major American Writers

     One 200-level literature course serves as the prerequisite for literature courses at the 300-400 level.

2.  Four 300-level courses:  12 credit hours
     Two that are pre-1800 (a.,b.,c.) and two that are post-1800 (d., e., f.)

          a. EN 311 Medieval Literature: Old English or EN 312 Late Medieval Literature
          b. EN 320 Renaissance: Tudor Literature or EN 321 Renaissance: Stuart Literature
          c. EN 330 Augustan Literature or EN 331 Late 18th-Century Literature
          d. EN 340 Romantic Literature or EN 351 Victorian Literature
          e. EN 360 Modern British Literature or EN 361 Contemporary British Literature
          f. EN 371 19th -Century American Literature or EN 372 20th-Century American Literature

3.  Seven elective courses:  21 credit hours
     Four electives must be on the 400 level.  For the literature-track students, three of the four 400-level courses should be literature courses.  Students seeking a secondary teaching license may choose to take three 400-level courses, with the written permission of the department chair.  Remaining electives may be taken at the 200, 300 or 400 level.  Wherever possible, students should take 300-level courses before taking 400-level courses.

4.  A comprehensive exam administered by the English Department

5. With the written permission of the department chair, students may use as an elective for the English major one course in literature offered by the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures.

Minor in English:  18 credit hours (exclusive of freshman composition).  Two 200-level literature courses; two 300-level courses, with at least one 300-level course a historical survey from the following:  311, 312, 320, 321, 330, 331, 340, 351, 360, 361, 371, 372, 382; one 400-level course; and one EN elective at any level.


Writing-Intensive Track
1.  Two 200-level literature courses:  6 credit hours
     Majors are strongly encouraged to take one of the following three courses: 
          EN 214  Major British Writers
          EN 222  Introduction to Shakespeare
          EN 277  Major American Writers
     One 200-level literature course serves as the prerequisite for 300 and 400-level literature courses.

2.  Four 300-level courses:  12 credit hours
     Two that are pre-1800 (a., b., c. on the preceding page) and two that are post-1800 (d., e., f. on the preceding page)

3.  Writing Courses:  12 credit hours
     Two courses from the introductory level:
          EN 300  Advanced Writing
          EN 301  Introductory Poetry Writing Workshop
          EN 302  Introductory Fiction Writing Workshop
          EN 303  Introductory Creative Writing Workshop
          EN 304  Introductory Creative Non-Fiction Writing Workshop
          CO 225, 270, 295, or 310 may be substituted for one introductory writing workshop.
     Two courses from the advanced level:
          EN 401  Advanced Poetry Workshop
          EN 402  Advanced Fiction Workshop
          EN 403  Special Topics in Advanced Writing Workshop
          EN 404  Advanced Creative Non-Fiction Workshop

4.  Language and Literature Study:  3 credit hours.  One course from: 
          EN 485  Contemporary English Grammar
     EN 488  History of the English Language
     EN 489  Studies in Rhetoric and Composition
     EN 490  History of Literary Theory and Criticism

5.  One 400-level literature seminar:  3 credit hours
                                    
6.  One elective at any level:  3 credit hours

7.  A comprehensive exam administered by the English Department

Minor in Creative Writing:  Six required courses, at least four of which must be workshops:  1) one of EN 300, 303, 304; 2) one of EN 301, 302, 303 (303 may meet only one of the first two required 300-level courses; 3) one of EN 401, 402, 403, or 404; 4) one course in 20th –century literature; 5) one genre course or another writing workshop; 6) one elective writing workshop at the 300 or 400 level.

Teaching Licensure Requirements in English for Adolescent/Young Adults (AYA)
Students should note that the teaching licensure consists of courses in education.  In addition to meeting these requirements, students must also meet the requirements of the English major.  Students should consult with their advisors early in their program for details.

Students interested in an interdisciplinary major in world literature, offered through the Department of English and the Department of Classical and Modern Languages and Cultures, should consult the chair of either department.  The program of courses selected for the major must be approved by the dean.

Course requirements for the Master of Arts in English are published in The Graduate Studies Bulletin.

103. BASIC COMPOSITION 4 cr.  Equivalent of EN 111, but with greater attention to individual writing needs.
111-112. COMPOSITION AND RHETORIC I, II 3 cr. each.  EN 111 or 103 prerequisite to 112.  111: review of principles of grammar and good usage; essentials of critical and expository writing; format and organization of term paper; detailed study of the formal and personal essay; frequent written assignments as well as a term paper.  112:  further critical and expository writing in response to literature; frequent written assignments as well as a term paper.
114-116. ADVANCED FRESHMAN COMPOSITION I, II 3 cr. each.  Placement in EN 114 depends on SAT or ACT score and quality of writing sample.  114: term paper, expository and critical writing in response to non-fiction prose and literature.  116:  expository and critical writing in response primarily to literature, which may include poetry, fiction, drama, creative non-fiction.
199. SPECIAL TOPICS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION 1-4 cr.  Topic, prerequisite (if any), and number of credits announced each time the course is offered.  Does not satisfy Core composition requirement.
201. INTRODUCTION TO POETRY 3 cr.  Diction, form, and organization as principles of poetic communication and as bases for exercises in interpretation and evaluation.
202. INTRODUCTION TO SHORT FICTION 3 cr.  Critical examination of short fiction.  Selections from such authors as Hawthorne, Conrad, Chekhov, James, Hemingway, O’Connor, Welty.
203. WORLD DRAMA 3 cr.  Chronological survey showing the history, changing patterns, and dramaturgical techniques from classical beginnings to modern times.
204. INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVEL 3 cr.  Detailed examination of analytical techniques needed for the critical reading of fiction. 
214. MAJOR BRITISH WRITERS 3 cr.  Strongly encouraged for all English majors. Critical survey of British authors and literary periods from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century.
222. INTRODUCATION TO SHAKESPEARE 3 cr.  Strongly encouraged for all English majors.  Shakespeare’s life and background; readings of representative plays from the comedies, histories, and tragedies.
277. MAJOR AMERICAN WRITERS 3 cr.  Strongly encouraged for all English majors.  Critical survey of American authors and literary periods from the colonial period to the present.
278. INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Survey of major African American writers.
281. MASTERPIECES OF WESTERN LITERATURE I 3 cr.  Literary masterworks of Western literature from the ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance periods.
282. MASTERPIECES OF WESTERN LITERATURE II 3 cr.  Literary masterworks of Western literature from the Neoclassical period to the present.
283. CANADIAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Major works, authors, and literary traditions of Canadian literature.
284. INTRODUCTION TO WOMEN’S LITERATURE 3 cr.  Women’s issues in literature; works by women writers; introductory feminist analysis.
285. INDIAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Major works, authors, and literary traditions of the classical and modern Indian literatures of India.  All readings will be in English.
286. AFRICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Major works, authors, and literary traditions of African Anglophone literatures.
287. IRISH LITERATURE 3 cr.  Celtic myths and folklore; major works, authors, and literary traditions of Irish literature.
288. JAPANESE LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION 3 cr. Key texts and authors of different historical eras, from ancient Japan to the present.  Also, the historical and cultural developments in Japan that influenced literary production.  All readings in English.
289. INTERNSHIP 1-3 cr.  Permission of chair required.  Supervised and directed experiential learning in a position relevant to a major sequence of study.  Students may petition to have a three-credit internship count as an elective toward completing major requirements.
290. PRINCIPLES OF TUTORING 3 cr.  Theories and practices of effective writing tutoring.
299. SPECIAL TOPICS IN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Introductory literature courses designed especially to meet Core requirements for Diversity (D), International (R/S), or Writing-intensive (W) courses.  Open to non-majors.  Topics announced each time course is offered in the semester schedule of classes.
300. ADVANCED WRITING 3 cr. Prerequisites:  EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of freshman English as determined during freshman orientation.  Fundamentals and practice in the essay and other non-fiction forms; emphasis on writing for specialized audiences.
301. INTRODUCTORY POETRY WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisites:  EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of freshman English as determined during freshman orientation.  Fundamentals and practice of writing poetry.
302. INTRODUCTORY FICTION WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisites:  EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of freshman English as determined during freshman orientation.  Fundamentals and practice of writing short stories.
303. INTRODUCTORY CREATIVE WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisites:  EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of freshman English as determined during freshman orientation.  Fundamentals and practice of creative writing across genres.
304. INTRODUCTORY CREATIVE NON-FICTION WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisites:  EN 103, 112; or EN 111, 112; or EN 114, 116; or placement out of freshman English as determined during freshman orientation.  Fundamentals and practice of writing creative non-fiction.
311. MEDIEVAL LITERATURE:  OLD ENGLISH 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature during the Anglo-Saxon period.
312. LATE MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature from c. 700 to 1500.
320. RENAISSANCE:  TUDOR LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature of the sixteenth century.
321. RENAISSANCE:  STUART LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature of the seventeenth century.
330. AUGUSTAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature during the first half of the eighteenth century.
331. LATE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, genres, and forms of British literature during the latter half of the eighteenth century.
340. ROMANTIC LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major authors, themes, and genres of British Romanticism.
351. VICTORIAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course.  Writers, themes, and genres of British literature from approximately 1830-1900.
360. MODERN BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Study of major British writers, themes, and genres of British literature from 1890 to 1950.
361. CONTEMPORARY BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite: a 200-level literature course.  Study of British writers, themes, and genres of British literature from 1930 to the present.
371. NINETEENTH-CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Authors, genres, and works of nineteenth-century American literature.
372. TWENTIETH-CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Authors, genres, and works of twentieth-century American literature.
382. TWENTIETH-CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance and may include the novel, drama, or poetry.
399. SPECIAL STUDY IN BRITISH, AMERICAN, OR WORLD LITERATURE 1-3 cr.  Topic, prerequisite (if any), and number of credits announced each time the course is offered.
401. ADVANCED POETRY WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  EN 301 or 303. Intense, advanced work in crafting poems.
402. ADVANCED FICTION WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr. Prerequisite:  EN 302, 303, or 304.  Intense, advanced work in crafting short stories.
403. SPECIAL TOPICS WRITING WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  EN 302, 303, or 304.   Topic of special writing projects announced in advance.
404. ADVANCED CREATIVE NON-FICTION WORKSHOP 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  EN 302, 303, or 304.  Intense advanced work in creative non-fiction prose.
410. OLD ENGLISH LANGUAGE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Study of Old English language.
411. STUDIES IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Selected issues, authors, and genres of literature of the Middle Ages; specific topic announced in advance.
412. MEDIEVAL DRAMA 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Drama of the Middle Ages.
413. STUDIES IN OLD ENGLISH LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Selected issues, authors, and genres of Anglo‑Saxon literature; specific topic announced in advance.
416. CHAUCER 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major writings, with a study of their backgrounds, art, and language.  Emphasis on The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde.
421. STUDIES IN RENAISSANCE LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Selected issues, authors, and genres of the Renaissance period; specific topic announced in advance.
422. STUDIES IN SHAKESPEARE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Selected studies of Shakespearean drama and/or poetry; specific topic announced in advance.
423. ENGLISH RENAISSANCE DRAMA 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Theatrical conditions and chief playwrights of the English Renaissance, exclusive of Shakespeare.
425. MILTON 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Detailed examination of the major and minor works as representative of literary and cultural developments of the Baroque period.
426. SPENSER 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Major writings of Edmund Spenser; special emphasis on The Faerie Queene.
430. STUDIES IN EIGHTEENTH‑CENTURY LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of issues, authors, and genres of literature of eighteenth‑century England; specific topic announced in advance.
431. DRAMA OF THE RESTORATION AND EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  English drama from Davenant to Sheridan, with emphasis on the stage as a reflector of the period.
432. THE ENGLISH NOVEL: DEFOE THROUGH AUSTEN 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  History, changing patterns, and techniques of English novel writing in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
441. STUDIES IN ROMANTIC LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of Romantic literature; specific topic announced in advance.
445. BRITISH WOMEN WRITERS 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Nineteenth‑century British women writers; course may occasionally include selected eighteenth and twentieth‑century women writers.
453. KEATS 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Examination of the poetry of John Keats.
454. STUDIES IN VICTORIAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of Victorian literature; specific topic announced in advance.
458. DICKENS 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  The major novels, with a study of their backgrounds, art, and language.
459. THE ENGLISH NOVEL: DICKENS THROUGH MEREDITH 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Examination of nineteenth‑century British fiction.
460. STUDIES IN MODERN BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of twentieth‑century literature; specific topic announced in advance.
461. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY BRITISH LITERATURE 3 cr. Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course. Specialized study of contemporary British literature; specific topic announced in advance.
470. STUDIES IN NINETEENTH‑CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of nineteenth‑century American literature; specific topic announced in advance.
471. STUDIES IN TWENTIETH‑CENTURY AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specialized study of twentieth-century American literature; specific topic announced in advance.
472. STUDIES IN AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
473. FAULKNER 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Examination of his major writings as well as their background and cultural context.
474. AMERICAN POETRY 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course. Major American poets from Whitman to the present.
480. STUDIES IN POSTCOLONIAL LITERATURES 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Study of literary texts from formerly colonized nations in Africa, Asia, or elsewhere; specific topic announced in advance.
481. STUDIES IN IRISH LITERATURE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
482. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY POETRY 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
483. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY THEATRE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
484. STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY FICTION 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
485. CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH GRAMMAR 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Transformational‑generative grammar theory and its application to an analysis and description of English sentences.
486. STUDIES IN MODERN DRAMA 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Specific topic announced in advance.
488. HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Study of the sounds, forms, and syntax of Early, Middle, Early Modern, and Modern English.
489. STUDIES IN RHETORIC AND COMPOSITION 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Study of rhetoric, composition theory and pedagogy, including a practicum.
490. HISTORY OF LITERARY THEORY AND CRITICISM 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Elements of literary theory, and a survey of the major theorists from Plato to the present.
495. CRITICAL PRACTICE 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Survey of options available to literary critics of the twentieth century, and practice in the application of criticism to literary texts.
496. FRAMED NARRATIVES: NOVEL AND CINEMA 3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Structural and thematic functions of pictorial and narrative frameworks in film and novel.
497. HOPKINS SEMINAR 3 cr.  Prerequisites: a 200-level literature course and permission of the chair.  Advanced, special seminar in literature taught by the visiting Hopkins professor; specific topic announced in advance.
498.  INDEPENDENT STUDY 1‑3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Consent of project advisor and department chair. Special projects in literature.  Projects must be approved before registration. See chair for forms and guidelines.
499. SPECIAL STUDIES 1‑3 cr.  Prerequisite:  a 200-level literature course.  Selected topics announced in advance.

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