Military Science (MS)
Professor: E. Patterson (Chair); Assistant Professors: J. McCluskey, K. Wallace
The Department of Military Science is also known as the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) department. Military science basic courses at the 100 and 200 levels are open to all students as electives. Credits toward a baccalaureate degree are awarded for all military science courses.
The department was established in April 1950 at the request of John Carroll University and with the approval of the U.S. Department of the Army. This department is both an academic entity of the University and an Instructor Group of the U.S. Army. It is staffed by the Army with the approval of the University president. The instructors are professional Army Commissioned and Non-Commissioned officers whose academic backgrounds meet University standards.
The goal of the department is to help prepare young men and women for service as Army officers, the future leadership of the Army. Through its courses, the department develops appropriate leadership and management skills. The department also provides instruction to the student body in general on the role of the military in America. Such instruction includes military skills, leadership, adventure training, and the role of the military in society.
Basic Program (MS I, MS II)
Students normally take the basic courses during the freshman and sophomore years. Students taking any or all of the basic courses incur no military obligation and are not members of the armed forces. Completion of the basic courses is one means of meeting the prerequisite for acceptance into the advanced courses. Prior military service, current Army Reserve or National Guard status, or attendance at the summer ROTC Leadership Training Course may also fulfill the basic course requirement, although no academic credit is granted for these substitutes.
Advanced Program (MS III, MS IV)
Students normally take the advanced courses during their junior and senior years. These generally involve leadership and management instruction to prepare students for the leadership role of an army officer at the rank of second lieutenant. Students must be accepted by the chair of the military science department before they can enroll in the advanced courses.
The Boler School of Business will also grant management credit by petition to ROTC Advanced Program students who are majoring in management.
Once accepted, each student enters into a contract with the government to complete the courses and to accept a commission as an Army officer. While taking the advanced courses, each student is paid a subsistence allowance of $450-$500 a month during the school year.
All students enrolled in the advanced courses are required to attend a Leadership Development and Assessment Course of five weeks’ duration. Students are paid at one-half the pay of a second lieutenant and normally attend this camp during the summer between their junior and senior years.
Upon satisfactory completion of the advanced courses and conferral of the baccalaureate degree, students are commissioned second lieutenants and serve out a military obligation, depending on their active duty or reserve force assignment. Students may request either Active Duty or Reserve Force Duty (Army Reserve/National Guard). Under certain conditions, students who have completed the baccalaureate program and their military science studies may request delayed entry into the active Army in order to pursue graduate study in a variety of areas, including medical and law school. Other options available to students in military science are opportunities to attend Airborne, Air Assault, Northern Warfare, and Mountain Warfare training courses, and to spend a few weeks working as a lieutenant in an active Army unit.
The Department of the Army annually awards 4-year Advanced Designee scholarships on a competitive basis to high school applicants nationwide. Winners are announced throughout the spring semester. College students can also apply for a campus-based Army scholarship throughout the year for either undergraduate or graduate studies. These scholarships may be awarded throughout the academic year. In order to apply for any of these scholarships, applicants must have a GPA of 2.5 or better, as well as a minimum SAT score of 920 or ACT score of 19; pass the Army medical physical; meet the physical fitness requirements; and interview with the department chair. Two-year scholarships are also available to graduating seniors who will be attending graduate school.
All scholarships will pay the full tuition rate for the University. John Carroll University currently waives room and board fees for scholarship cadets. Scholarships also include lab fees, graduation fee, a book allowance of $1200 per year, and a $300-$500 per month subsistence during the school year (maximum of $5,000 per year).
John Carroll University maintains partnership agreements with most Cleveland-area colleges. Students from these institutions may enroll in John Carroll’s military science classes with the approval of the academic advisor from their own college. Satisfactory completion of the military science curriculum and the baccalaureate degree from their own college leads to a commission as a Second Lieutenant in the same manner as for John Carroll students.
All University students are eligible for enrollment in the basic courses (MS I and MS II). Students who are 18 years of age, who are American citizens or intend to become naturalized, and who are physically qualified are eligible for enrollment in the advanced courses of the Military Science Department. Any student may audit basic courses in the department with the approval of the chair and appropriate institutional authorities.
Professional Military Educational (PME) Requirements
The professional military education component consists of two essential parts – a baccalaureate degree, and at least one undergraduate course from each of the three following designated fields of study: written and oral communication skills, U.S. military history, and computer literacy. Students are encouraged to take a course in national security affairs and management. Students may determine suitable courses to meet these requirements by securing approval in advance of registration from the Military Science Department chair. The Core Curriculum requirements may also apply to the PME requirements. The Military Science Department maintains a list of University courses that may be accepted for the PME requirement.
Note: These courses may not be used to satisfy Core or major requirements.
101. LEADERSHIP AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT 1 cr. Establishes a framework for understanding officership, leadership, and Army values. Also addresses personal development skills, including physical fitness and time management.
102. INTRODUCTION TO TACTICAL LEADERSHIP 1 cr. Focuses on communications, leadership, and problem solving. Introduces students to the duties and responsibilities of an Army lieutenant as well as examining current pay and benefits.
130. INTRODUCTION TO BASIC PHYSICAL CONDITIONING (PE 130) 1 cr. Introduction to the basics of physical conditioning and its benefits. Modeled on the U.S. Army method of increasingly challenging exercises in order to build aerobic skills and endurance leading to enhanced physical fitness. Principal aspects of stretching, conditioning, and recovery; also, cardiovascular and respiratory fitness, weight control, and stress control.
131. ADVANCED PHYSICAL CONDITIONING (PE 131) 1 cr. Builds on the student’s knowledge of physical conditioning to increase their physical fitness. Modeled on the U.S. Army method of increasingly challenging exercises in order to build aerobic skills and endurance leading to enhanced physical fitness. Principal aspects of stretching, conditioning, and recovery; also, cardiovascular and respiratory fitness, weight control, and stress control.
132. LEADERSHIP IN PHYSICAL TRAINING (PE 132) 1 cr. Develops the ability to plan, organize, and lead a physical conditioning program and evaluate others conducting physical training. The U.S. Army physical conditioning method is used in this class.
133. ADVANCED LEADERSHIP IN PHYSICAL TRAINING (PE 133) 1 cr. Develops the ability to plan, organize, and lead a physical conditioning program and evaluate others conducting physical training. Uses the U.S. Army physical conditioning method.
199. MILITARY SCIENCE LEADERSHIP SKILLS LAB 0 cr. Provides a practical application of the topics covered in class and is mandatory for all contracted students. Topics consist of land navigation, marksmanship, map reading, drill and ceremonies, physical training, water survival, health and fitness, combat orders, formations, inspections, and preparation for LDAC/LTC. ROTC cadre supervise the labs, which are planned and managed by the MS III students with command and control administered by the MS IV students. Lab fee required (scholarship cadets only).
201. INNOVATIVE TEAM LEADERSHIP 2 cr. Corequisite: MS 299. Use of ethics-based leadership skills to develop individual abilities and contribute to effective team-building. Focus on skills in oral presentations, writing concisely, planning of events, coordination of group efforts, advanced first aid, land navigation, and basic military tactics. Learn the fundamentals of ROTC’s Leadership Development Program. Participation in a weekend field training exercise is optional but encouraged.
202. FOUNDATIONS OF TACTICAL LEADERSHIP 2 cr. Corequisite: MS 299. Introduction to individual and team aspects of military tactics in small-unit operations. Includes use of radio communications, making safety assessments, movement techniques, planning for team safety/security, and methods of pre-execution checks. Practical exercises with upper-division ROTC students. Techniques for training others as an aspect of continued leadership development. Participation in a weekend exercise is optional but encouraged.
213. ORIENTEERING (PE 213) 1 cr. Develops students’ ability to determine location on a map, plot a course over familiar and unfamiliar terrain, and end at a known/desired location. Uses U.S. Army standard maps and equipment. Detailed introduction to the principles of land navigation and orienteering, including map reading, compass use, terrain association, pace count, plotting techniques, route planning, and safety and survival in various environments.
299. MILITARY SCIENCE LEADERSHIP SKILLS LAB 0 cr. See MS 199 for description. Lab fee required (scholarship cadets only).
Note: The following courses are open only to contracted ROTC students. Credits earned may apply toward graduation (see note under Basic Courses).
301. ADAPTIVE TACTICAL LEADERSHIP 3 cr. Prerequisite: approval of the department; corequisite: MS 399. Challenges students to study, practice, and evaluate adaptive leadership traits and skills as they are presented with scenarios related to squad tactical operations. Cadets receive systematic and specific feedback on their leadership attributes and actions. Based on feedback, and self-evaluations, cadets continue to develop their leadership dimensions and critical thinking abilities. Requires participation in semiweekly one-hour sessions for physical fitness. Requires participation in a weekend field training exercise, and one or two weekend exercises are offered for optional participation.
302. LEADERSHIP IN CHANGING ENVIRONMENTS 3 cr. Prerequisite: MS 301; corequisite: MS 399. Uses increasingly intense situational leadership challenges to build cadet awareness and skills in leading tactical operations up to platoon level. Cadets review aspects of combat, stability, and support operations, conduct military briefings, and develop proficiency in garrison operations orders and plans. The focus is on exploring, evaluating, and developing skills in decision making, persuading, and motivating team members. Each cadet is evaluated on what they know and do as leaders in preparation for their summer Leadership Development and Assessment Course. Requires participation in semiweekly one-hour sessions for physical fitness and in a weekend field training exercise; one or two weekend exercises are offered for optional participation.
399. MILITARY SCIENCE LEADERSHIP SKILLS LAB 0 cr. See MS 199 for description. Lab fee required.
401. DEVELOPING ADAPTIVE LEADERS 3 cr. Prerequisite: MS 302; corequisite: MS 499. Develops student proficiency in assessing, planning, and executing complex operations, functioning as a member of a staff, and providing leadership performance feedback to subordinates. Cadets assess risk, make ethical decisions, and lead fellow ROTC cadets. Lessons on military justice and personnel processes prepare cadets to make the transition to Army officers. Students will analyze, evaluate, and instruct cadets at lower levels. Both their classroom and battalion leadership experiences are designed to prepare MS 401 cadets for their first unit of assignment. They identify responsibilities of key staff, coordinate staff roles, and use situational opportunities to teach, train, and develop subordinates. Requires participation in semiweekly sessions for physical fitness. Participation in one weekend exercise is also required.
402. LEADERSHIP IN A COMPLEX WORLD 3 cr. Prerequisite: MS 401; corequisite: MS 499. In-depth exploration of the dynamics of leading in the complex situations of current military operations. Cadets examine differences in customs and courtesies, military law, principles of war, and rules of engagement in the face of international terrorism. They also explore aspects of interacting with non-government organizations, civilians on the battlefield, and host nation support. The course places significant emphasis on preparing cadets for their first unit of assignment. It uses case studies, scenarios, and “What now, Lieutenant?” exercises to prepare cadets to face the complex ethical and practical demands of leading as commissioned officers in the U.S. Army. Requires participation in semiweekly sessions for physical fitness. Participation in one weekend exercise is also required.
499. MILITARY SCIENCE LEADERSHIP SKILLS LAB 0 cr. See MS 199 for description. Lab fee required.