Skip to main content

Health Ethics and Science: Option

The Health, Ethics, and Science option is recommended for students interested in social, ethical, and foundational issues related to science and medicine. This option is ideal for students who wish to pursue careers in healthcare or the sciences, as well as those who are planning to do graduate work in areas such as applied ethics, science and technology studies, cognitive science, and philosophy of science.


  • PL 210, 220, or 240
  • PL 280 or 302
  • PL 316
  • PL 375
  • PL 396
  • One of: PL 301, 314, 315, 360, or 379
  • PL 450
  • Two electives, one of which may be from another department whose offerings complement this option.

Lists of approved electives from other departments for all options are available in the philosophy department. Alternative courses must be approved by the student’s advisor and the department chair.